Cosmetologists in all states need to secure a license before they can start practicing. Cosmetology programs help prepare candidates for exams that will help them receive their licenses. Taking cosmetology courses are essential to building a career as a hairstylist, manicurist, or esthetician.
The most commonly taught subjects in cosmetology schools include:
- Artistry of makeup
- How to care for wigs
- Chemical theory
- Makeup application
- Highlighting and frosting
- Different techniques to encourage sales
Furthermore, different classes and courses are taught at cosmetology schools. These include:
1. Basic Safety and Sanitation
Hygiene and sanitation are the two fundamental principles of cosmetology. In this course, students are taught techniques to ensure proper management of beauty tools and instruments. Over time, they develop knowledge on how to sufficiently clean their tools and look after their work stations.
Moreover, there are some laws and regulations on sanitation that must also be followed. Cosmetology courses may also teach students the fundamentals of a salon supply inventory.
2. Hair Care
Basic tasks that you think require no expertise include shampooing. However, cosmetology courses teach students the right way to shampoo, color hair and educate them on a multitude of scalp treatments. Depending on the length and complexity of the hair care course, it may be taught in intervals or divided into three levels- basic, intermediate, and advanced.
Skills such as hairstyling, haircutting, chemical treatments, and different scalp massages can also be included in a cosmetology hair care course.
3. Aesthetics and Hair Removal
Usually, the first part of this course gives an overview of the basic tools and terms that every aesthetician must know. This includes proper hair removal methods and different massage techniques.
Other skills that are taught in this cosmetology course consist of waxing, eyebrow arching, application of makeup, tinting eyebrows, and how to take care of the skin.
4. Nail Care
Nail care courses give an overview of the basics of manicures and pedicures. Students are taught different techniques to massage the feet and hands. Special attention is paid to pressure points to ensure the client’s maximum comfort. Moreover, they are taught different ways to shape toenails and fingernails.
This course also teaches the workings of paraffin dips, spa pedicures and manicures, hot oils, and hand and foot wraps.
5. Skin Science
Skincare is one of the basics of cosmetology courses. Professionals educate students on the different tools used in a facial, what their purpose is, and how to use them.
Students receive hands-on training in skin conditioning, different skin masks used for different issues, and of course, electric facials. Often, cosmetology courses overlap with aesthetics courses.
6. Salon Management
Most students who wish to go into cosmetology wish to open their own salon someday. Hence, it is important to learn the basics of running a business. Students are taught different methods of communication, organization, and leadership.
Depending on the school, salon management may be a compulsory course that all students must take. Topics may also include ways to hire personnel, laws, and regulations related to state licensing, and the different careers that could result from cosmetology.
If you are looking for a cosmetology or esthetics school, make sure to explore the Missouri College of Cosmetology for a brilliant education.
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